The 19th century US economy and armed forces needed industrial production of explosives (and fertilizer), eventually reaching monopoly status, and in turn the economy and armed forces supported the overseas Guano empire necessary to obtain those materials.
Unlocked Patreon episode: In the early 19th century, the New England region of the United States emerged as the global leader of a lucrative new industry that would change the world: Harvesting and transporting ice from ponds and rivers. Nate and Bill discuss.
Description: Life in the big American city of the 19th century included an endless sea of horses, and it was not a very pleasant situation for anyone, including the horses. Bill, Rachel, and Kelley explore.
Description: It took a while to figure out how to mass-produce glassware, given the complexity of it, but that had profound implications on the lives of American consumers and workers. Bill, Kelley, and Rachel discuss. (This is the Mason Jars episode, among other things.)
Description: For a brief moment in time, during the transition from the first to the second industrial revolution, it looked like pneumatic tubes might be the next wave of the future. Bill, Kelley, and Rachel discuss.